7 Jun 2016
Back pain comes from problems related to interconnected network of spinal muscles or nerves. In the majority of cases, it comes from nerve roots that are irritated or lower back muscles that are strained. However, it can be a result of damaged ligaments or bones, or even a result of intervertebral disc’s degeneration.
The human body has many weak spots as a result of the incompleted or maladapted evolution of body construction. Our skeletal system, especially the back is one of them. Back gives a framework and support to our bodies, but on the other hand, it consists of a huge number of components all tied together to be flexible, but steady enough.
Vulnerable as it is, back mostly depends on many back muscles and their strength to keep all elements working properly. On the top of all the pressures, our back deals with during lifetime, a sedentary lifestyle most people lead nowadays are particularly tough task. Lack of physical activity, gaining weight, sitting in the wrong positions. It all weakens our back muscles causing back pain to be one of the most frequent reasons people call for doctor’s help. This is the leading cause of disability worldwide, especially for women who are at greater risk for experiencing severe back pain later in life.
Acute pain lasting less than six weeks is the most common form of the back pain. People usually report stabbing pain that may be localized or diffuse or radiate down one or both legs. The pain is often followed by limited motion of the back and troubles executing some group of movements.
The pain often appears suddenly. Sometimes there are obvious reasons that can be documented with various diagnostic tests or imaging procedures, but frequently there is no precise cause or visible pathologic process causing it.
Causes of back pain
The list of possible causes is pretty long. Muscle or ligament strain is among the most common. It strikes after heavy lifting or after making some strange movement that dislocates spine’s position too much. Degenerative processes of disks are another frequent underlying cause. In the same group of diseases, there come arthritis and osteoporosis and various skeletal deformities. Rarely, but possible, back pain can suggest some serious illness of some other organ, such as prostatic cancer, pathological processes on bowls, kidneys, pancreas or tumors of blood – producing the system.
Fortunately, there is a full collection of self – help measurements you can apply to prevent or relieve back pain caused by the most frequent reasons.
Taking care of your posture, strengthening your back muscles with adequate exercising and making sure to sleep on a proper bed that won’t pressure your spine are good methods to prevent typical back pain. If the pain occurs nevertheless, these are some of the possible approaches.
Muscle or ligament strains
At the base of this pain lies inflammation of damaged tissue. Apply ice or similar cold compress to decrease the inflammation. Stretch gently and carefully and take some OTC anti – inflammatory drugs if it’s necessary.
Most of these patients are treated successfully with several weeks of anti – inflammatory or anti – rheumatic drugs. If these don’t help, a cortisone injection is usually effective. Physical therapy consisting of adequate exercise is a must do for these people.
Healthy life and proper maintaining of your back prevent the pain in most cases. The second therapy line involves physical therapy and medications. In less than 10% cases none of this is enough. This is the moment when you should call for doctors help, especially if pain worsens or if it’s followed by some new other symptoms. It could be some more serious underlying cause, or you could simply need a surgical approach to restoring your back to almost normal.