Everything You Need to Know About Vertigo

Vertigo occurs when a person is affected in the inner brain ear or the sensory nerve pathway leading to a sense of spinning dizziness. This problem is common to people aged 60 years and above. Research shows that vertigo is directly linked with mental health issues that may affect the ability of a person’s brain to function fully and this will lead to depression and anxiety. Vertigo is sometimes, linked with fear of heights whereby a person feels a temporal or ongoing spell of dizziness when looking down from a great height.

The Symptoms of Vertigo

girl holding her head

When someone is affected by vertigo, he or she feels in the head that the surrounding environment is moving in a spinning motion. The victim might end up falling or getting depressed or anxious. While vertigo can also be a symptom of some health conditions, it can have its own set of symptoms.

For instance, the victim will have the balance problems when walking. Similarly, the patient will feel a sense of motion sickness whereby he or she is unable to make any moves because the feelings of a spinning motion will interfere with the perception of the surrounding environment.

The patient might also end up with a vomiting and severe headache. The rotational dizziness makes one have a feeling of fullness in the ear and tinnitus. Generally, vertigo is a faintness feeling that makes the patient unable to function properly because the brain has been interfered with.

Causes of Vertigo

Different diseases especially those that are related to the brain and inner ear conditions are the major cause of vertigo to the patient. Labyrinthitis is a condition that leads to vertigo; it is an inflammation of the inner ear, whereby, the nerve that is responsible for encoding the head motion and position has a viral infection. The vestibular neuronitis, cholesteatoma and the Meniere disease are also the common conditions that damage the inner ear and the nerves sending messages to the brain resulting in vertigo.

Types of Vertigo

The types of vertigo depend on the cause; in this regard, there are two types of vertigo, which include peripheral vertigo and central vertigo. Peripheral vertigo usually happens when the balance organs in the inner air are disturbed.

Central vertigo occurs when the sensory part of the brain known as the sensory nerve pathway is disturbed. It is linked with the central nervous system, and the perception of the patient to vision and balance is damaged.

Treatment of Vertigo

vision of people with vertigo

While some vertigo conditions resolve without treatment, other underlying problems will require medical attention. For instance, if you might be having a bacterial infection in your ear or brain, you will need antibiotic therapy.

Some drugs such as antihistamines and anti-emetics can be used to relieve the symptoms of vertigo such as nausea and motion sickness. While steroids, antiviral drugs, and antibiotics can work for other vertigo symptoms and conditions, some conditions might be complicated and require inner surgery to treat the patients.